Spacing is a very common complication of anterior teeth which has to be corrected to bring perfect smile. Though spacing is a simple malocclusion to treat, knowledge about the type of spacing and treatment plan is required. Dental spacing can be due to various reasons which can be divided into developmental and physiologic causes. There are various treatment objectives available to treat spacing of the dentition such as orthodontic fixed appliances, direct and indirect veneers, crowns and bridges. In this case report, we have used a single wire fixed mechanics to close the space in anterior region. A 0.016 × 0.022 stainless steel wire with a loop mesial to canine on both sides was used in this case. The duration of the treatment was 8 weeks.
Ribeiro GL, Jacob HB. Understanding the basis of space closure in orthodontics for a more efficient orthodontic treatment. Dental Press J Orthod 2016;21(2):115–125. DOI: 10.1590/2177-6709.21.2.115-125.sar.
Burstone CJ. The segmented arch approach to space closure. Am J Orthod 1982;82(5):361–378. DOI: 10.1016/0002-9416(82)90185-3.
Kanyas SD, Sankar H, Kommi PB, Arani N, Keerthi VN. Clinical utilization of M spring for the space closure of midline diastema–clinical case reports. J Clin Diagn Res 2016;10(3):ZD11.
Sia SS, Koga Y, Yoshida N. Determining the center of resistance of maxillary anterior teeth subjected to retraction forces in sliding mechanics: an in vivo study. Angle Orthodontist 2007;77(6):999–1003. DOI: 10.2319/112206-478.
Zachrisson BU, Stenvik A, Haanæs HR. Management of missing maxillary anterior teeth with emphasis on autotransplantation. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2004;126(3):284–288. DOI: 10.1016/S0889-5406(04)00524-4.
Samuels RH, Rudge SJ, Mair LH. A clinical study of space closure with nickel-titanium closed coil springs and an elastic module. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1998;114(1):73–79. DOI: 10.1016/S0889-5406(98)70241-0.
Rosa MA, Zachrisson BU. Integrating esthetic dentistry and space closure in patients with missing maxillary lateral incisors. J Clin Orthod 2001;35(4):221–238.
Robertsson S, Mohlin B. The congenitally missing upper lateral incisor. A retrospective study of orthodontic space closure versus restorative treatment. Eur J Orthod 2000;22(6):697–710. DOI: 10.1093/ejo/22.6.697.
Burstone CJ, Koenig HA. Optimizing anterior and canine retraction. Am J Orthod 1976;70(1):1–9. DOI: 10.1016/0002-9416(76)90257-8.
Sondankar AP, Gulve N, Patani S. ‘M’ mechanics for the management of maxillary midline diastema. J Indian Orthod Soc 2013;47(4): 229–231. DOI: 10.1177/0974909820130411.