Journal of Scientific Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Comparing the Efficacy of Herbal and Non-herbal Toothpastes in Controlling Plaque and Gingivitis: A Review

S Nivethaprashanthi, R Kavya, R Priyanga, N Vezhavendhan

Keywords : Gingival disease, Herbal toothpaste, Non-herbal toothpaste

Citation Information : Nivethaprashanthi S, Kavya R, Priyanga R, Vezhavendhan N. Comparing the Efficacy of Herbal and Non-herbal Toothpastes in Controlling Plaque and Gingivitis: A Review. 2020; 10 (1):25-27.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0920

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 28-07-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background and aim: Dental plaque, a well-organized biofilm, is the established cause for gingivitis. Chronic gingivitis is the second most common disease of oral cavity which may progress to periodontitis. A mechanical plaque control method along with dentifrices is the most recommended method for plaque removal and controlling gingivitis. The aim of this review is to estimate and compare the effectiveness of herbal and non-herbal toothpastes in controlling plaque and gingivitis. Materials and methods: The primary focus of this study was to compare randomized control trials and clinical trials which used herbal toothpaste with non-herbal toothpaste in prevention of plaque and gingivitis. Clinical trials without randomization and other experimental studies were also included. The outcome measures were improvement in duration, objective and subjective difference in plaque accumulation, and gingivitis. Results: Randomized control trial and nonrandomized control trial has shown a remarkable reduction in plaque and gingival scores on an average duration of using herbal toothpaste. Studies (five randomized control trials and four clinical trials) state statistically equal reduction in plaque and gingival scores on using herbal and non-herbal toothpastes. No reports of adverse reactions (bad taste and odor, hard to accept, and allergic reactions) on using herbal toothpaste are evident. Conclusion: Nowadays, there is an increased interest on using herbal products among people. Herbal toothpastes are as effective as non-herbal toothpastes in controlling plaque and gingivitis. There are also no adverse reactions on using herbal toothpaste and can be used as an alternative to conventional (non-herbal) toothpaste. Henceforth, it depends upon the preference of people to choose natural (herbal) or conventional (non-herbal) toothpaste.


HTML PDF Share
  1. Howshigan J, Perera K, Samita S, Rajapakse PS. The effects of an Ayurvedic medicinal toothpaste on clinical, microbiological and oral hygiene parameters in patients with chronic gingivitis: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel allocation clinical trial. Ceylon Med J 2015;60(4):126–132. DOI: 10.4038/cmj.v60i4.8219.
  2. Sugiarta AP, Lessang RN. Effect of herbal toothpaste containing neem leaves extract (azadirachta indica) against gingivitis: a clinical study. Int J Appl Pharm 2019;11(1):117–119. DOI: 10.22159/ijap.2019.v11s1.AR173.
  3. He J, Deng Y, Zhu F, Zhong T, Luo N, Lei L, et al. The efficacy and safety of a herbal toothpaste in reducing gingivitis: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel allocation clinical trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019;2019:3764936. DOI: 10.1155/2019/3764936.
  4. Gupta R, Ingle NA, Kaur N, Yadav P, Ingle E, Charania Z. Effectiveness of herbal and nonherbal fluoridated toothpaste on plaque and gingivitis: a randomized controlled trial. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2015;13(3):218–221. DOI: 10.4103/2319-5932.165207.
  5. Singh K, Singh P, Oberoi G. Comparative studies between herbal toothpaste (dantkanti) and nonherbal tooth paste. Int J Dent Res 2016;4(2):53–56. DOI: 10.14419/ijdr.v4i2.6633.
  6. Hosadurga R, Boloor VA, Rao SN, MeghRani N. Effectiveness of two different herbal toothpaste formulations in the reduction of plaque and gingival inflammation in patients with established gingivitis–a randomized controlled trial. J Tradit Complement Med 2018;8(1):113–119. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2017.04.005.
  7. Ozaki F, Pannuti CM, Imbronito AV, Pessotti W, Saraiva L, Freitas NM, et al. Efficacy of a herbal toothpaste on patients with established gingivitis: a randomized controlled trial. Braz Oral Res 2006;20(2):172–177. DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242006000200015.
  8. Hebbal M, Ankola AV, Sharma R, Johri S. Effectiveness of herbal and fluoridated toothpaste on plaque and gingival scores among residents of a working women's hostel-a randomised controlled trial. Oral Health Prev Dent 2012;10(4):389–395.
  9. Tatikonda A, Debnath S, Chauhan VS, Chaurasia VR, Taranath M, Sharma AM. Effects of herbal and non-herbal toothpastes on plaque and gingivitis: a clinical comparative study. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2014;4(Suppl 2):S126–S129. DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.146220.
  10. Pentapati KC, Kukkamalla MA, Siddiq H, Sabnis N. Effectiveness of novel herbal dentifrice in control of plaque, gingivitis, and halitosis–randomized controlled trial. J Tradit Complement Med 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2019.06.006.
  11. George J, Hegde S, Rajesh KS, Kumar A. The efficacy of a herbal-based toothpaste in the control of plaque and gingivitis: a clinico-biochemical study. Indian J Dent Res 2009;20(4):480–482. DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.59460.
  12. Khairnar MR, Dodamani AS, Karibasappa GN, Naik RG, Deshmukh MA. Efficacy of herbal toothpastes on salivary pH and salivary glucose–a preliminary study. J Ayurveda Integr Med 2017;8(1):3–6. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaim.2016.12.004.
  13. Jayashankar S, Panagoda GJ, Amaratunga EA, Perera K, Rajapakse PS. A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study on the effects of a herbal toothpaste on gingival bleeding, oral hygiene and microbial variables. Ceylon Med J 2011;56(1):5–9. DOI: 10.4038/cmj.v56i1.2887.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.