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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Evaluation of Noncarious Cervical Lesions Restored with Resin-modified Glass Ionomer and Glass Carbomer: A Single-blind Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Jasmine J Rayapudi, Ramarao Sathyanarayanan, Usha Carounanidy, Bindu M John

Keywords : Fuji II LC, Glass carbomer, Glass ionomer cement, Heat cure, Randomized controlled clinical trial, Resin modified glass ionomer cement, Single-blind, United States Public Health Services criteria

Citation Information : Rayapudi JJ, Sathyanarayanan R, Carounanidy U, John BM. Evaluation of Noncarious Cervical Lesions Restored with Resin-modified Glass Ionomer and Glass Carbomer: A Single-blind Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. 2021; 11 (1):8-15.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0940

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims and objectives: To compare and evaluate the clinical performance of glass carbomer cement over a period of 1 year, with that of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in permanent teeth using the University of North Carolina (UNC)-modified United States Public Health Services (USPHS) criteria. Materials and methods: Thirty-three subjects (30–60 years) with NCCLs of not >2 mm depth in premolars were recruited. Fifty-six NCCLs were restored with RMGIC (group I) and another 56 NCCLs with glass carbomer (group II). Single-blind evaluation of clinical parameters was performed at baseline, 3rd, 6th, and 12th month using modified USPHS criteria. Intragroup comparison at various intervals was evaluated using the McNemar test and the intergroup comparison using Fisher\'s exact tests. Results: Recall rate was 73.2% for 1 year. Statistically significant decline was present after 12 months for marginal integrity (p = 0.008), anatomic form (0.002), and color match (p = 0.0003) for group II. Group I restorations showed better results in terms of retention, marginal integrity (p = 0.005), color match (p < 0.0001), wear (p = 0.0311), recurrent caries (p = 0.0228), marginal staining (p = 0.0086), fracture (p = 0.0054), and postoperative sensitivity (p = 0.0574). Conclusion: Glass carbomer, despite containing nano-sized powder particles and thermal setting, falls short of demonstrating acceptable clinical performance.


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