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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Collagen—The Skeleton of the Periodontium: A Review

Apoorva Sokke Mallikarjunappa, Swati George, Suchetha Aghanashini, Divya Bhat, Darshan B Mundinamane, Sapna Nadiger

Keywords : Biochemistry, Collagen, Crimping, Degradation, Mechanical support, Mineralization, Sharpey\'s fibers

Citation Information : Mallikarjunappa AS, George S, Aghanashini S, Bhat D, Mundinamane DB, Nadiger S. Collagen—The Skeleton of the Periodontium: A Review. 2021; 11 (1):31-36.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0938

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim and objective: The fibers of the periodontal ligament are a structurally integrated unit of fibrous components mainly collagenous in nature and similar to the other supportive connective tissues. Collagen is the foremost abundant protein in mammals. Within the extracellular matrix, they form supramolecular assemblies with a minimum of one triple-helical domain. Background: The collagen family comprises 28 members. The fibers of the periodontium play a role in the structural organization of the tissues, and contribute to its mechanical properties, by accommodating intensive forces from mastication and tooth eruption. They interact with cells via several receptor families and regulate their proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Certain collagens have a restricted tissue distribution and hence specific biological functions. Review results: This review brings to light the synthesis, mineralization, and degradation of various types of collagen. Conclusion: Collagen serves immense functions related to the structural integrity as well in the tooth-eruption mechanism. It presents with a rapid turnover rate which along with its biochemical composition would thereby help in determining a pathological involvement causing periodontal destruction.


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