Journal of Scientific Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Evaluate the Perspective of the Concrete Operational Stage of Piaget's Theory and Its Correlation with Tell–Show–Do: A Comparative Study

Sandhyarani Kumbar, Vriti Kumar Pursnani, Anil T Patil, Sujatha Paranna, Renuka Rajesh Bhurke, Adhithi Prakash

Keywords : Behavioral management, Cognitive theory, Pediatric dentistry, Restorative procedure, Tell–show–do

Citation Information : Kumbar S, Pursnani VK, Patil AT, Paranna S, Bhurke RR, Prakash A. Evaluate the Perspective of the Concrete Operational Stage of Piaget's Theory and Its Correlation with Tell–Show–Do: A Comparative Study. 2023; 13 (2):41-44.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1040

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 23-11-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: One of the most significant problems in pediatric dentistry is behavioral resistance from children during their first dental visit. Most children show variation in the rate of cognitive development when compared with their chronological age. This study utilizes Piaget's theory to identify the cognitive development of children and their segregation into logical thinkers and less logical thinkers, following which the tell–show–do technique was utilized to perform a restorative procedure on these groups. Aim: The study aims to evaluate the perspective of the concrete operational stage of Piaget's theory and its correlation with the tell–show–do technique. Materials and methods: This comparative study was conducted among 84 children whose ages varied from 7 to 10 years. Various characteristics specific to this age group, such as egocentrism, seriation, transitivity, reversibility, classification, and decentering, were assessed using interview questions. A comparison of the tell–show–do technique during a restorative procedure was carried out among the two groups, i.e., logical and less logical children, and behavior was observed at the first visit, during treatment, and after the treatment using the Venham Behavior Rating scale. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups, i.e., logical and less logical groups. The logical thinkers were able to comprehend instructions to undergo the procedure, while the less logical children were anxious even after explaining the procedure using the tell–show–do technique. Conclusion: This study shows the effectiveness of the use of the tell–show–do technique on logical thinkers during dental treatment.


PDF Share
  1. Baier K, Milgrom P, Russell S, Mancl L, Yoshida T. Children's fear and behavior in private pediatric dentistry practices. Pediatr Dent 2004;26(4):316–321. PMID: 15344624.
  2. Sharath A, Rekka P, Muthu MS, Prabhu VR, Sivakumar N. Children's behavior pattern and behavior management techniques used in a structured postgraduate dental program. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2009;27(1):22–26. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.50812.
  3. Badakar CM, Thakkar PJ, Hugar SM, Kukreja P, Assudani HG, Gokhale N. Evaluation of the relevance of Piaget's cognitive principles among parented and orphan children in Belagavi city, Karnataka, India: A comparative study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(4):346–350. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1463.
  4. Hockenbury DH, Hockenbury SE. Psychology. 2nd edition. New York: Worth Publishers; 2000. p. 11.
  5. Newton JT, Harrison V. The cognitive and social development of the child. Dent Update 2005;32(1):33–38.
  6. Ghazi SR, Ullah K. Concrete operational stage of Piaget's cognitive development theory: An implication in learning mathematics. GUJR 2016;32(1).
  7. Börnert-Ringleb M and Wilbert J. The association of strategy use and concrete-operational thinking in primary school. Front Educ 2018;3(38). DOI: 10.3389/feduc.2018.00038.
  8. Christen AG. Piagetian psychology: Some principles as helpful in treating the child dental patient. ASDC J Dent Child 1977;44(6): 448–452. PMID: 146042.
  9. Barenie JT, Ripa LW. The use of behavior modification techniques to successfully manage the child dental patient. J Am Dent Assoc 1977;94(2):329–334. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.1977.0273.
  10. Asokan S, Surendran S, Asokan S, Nuvvula S. Relevance of Piaget's cognitive principles among 4-7 years old children: A descriptive cross-sectional study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2014;32(4):292–296. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.140947.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.