While the global literature on the need for promoting professionalism amongst health care personnel has accumulated extensively, there is a need to adopt a multi-pronged approach in which the faculty, regulating agencies and civil society join together in this endeavor. The institutes should admit right type of students and recruit right faculty who can serve as role model of professional behavior. Further, they should set clear expectations, provide both formal and “hidden curriculum” with emphasis on community service. Role modeling, mentoring, feedback and reflective practice should be emphasized throughout the course. The assessment strategy should be geared to collect multiple evidences through portfolio approach. Reforms are also called for in the legal and legislative mechanisms. Finally the civil society has a role to foster a culture of professionalism at all levels. Individual professional development can be aided by life style modification by techniques such as practice of Yoga.
Passi V, Doug M, Peile E, Thistlethwaite J, Johnson N. 2010. Developing professionalism in future doctors: a systematic review. Int J Medical Education 1:19-29.
Howe A. 2003. Twelve Tips for developing professional attitudes in training. Med Teach 25: 485-487.
Al Eraky MM. 2015. Twelve tips for teaching medical professionalism at all levels of medical education. Med Teach 17:1018-1025.
Papadakis MA, Teherani A, Banach MA, Knettler TR, Rattner SL, Stern DT et al. 2005. Disciplinary action by medical boards and prior behaviour in medical school. New Eng J Med 353:2673-82.
Morley CP, Roseamelia C, Smith JA, Villarreal AL. 2013. Decline of medical student idealism in the first and second year of medical school: a survey of pre-clinical medical students at one institution. Med Educ Online 18:21194 – http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/meo.v18i0.21194.
Albanese MA, Snow MH, Skochelak SE, Huggett KN, Farrel PM. 2003. Assessing personal qualities in medical school admission. Acad Med 78:313-21.
Nace MC, Dunlow S, Armstrong AY. 2009. Professionalism in Medicine: We Should Set the Standard. Military Medicine 174: 807-10.
Epstein RM, Hundert EM. 2002. Defining and assessing professional competence. JAMA 287: 226-35.
Kirk LM. 2007. Professionalism in medicine: Definitions and considerations for teaching. Proc Bayl Univ Med Cent 20:13–16.
Project of ABIM Foundation. 2002. ACP-ASIM Foundation and European Federation of Internal Medicine. Medical Professionalism in the new millennium: a physician charter. Ann Intern Med 136:243-6.
ten Cate O. 2013. Nuts and bolts of Entrustable Professional Activities, J of Grad Med Educ March 157-8.
Krathwohl D., Bloom B. & Masia B. 1956. Taxonomy of educational objectives, Handbook II: Affective Domain. New York: David Mc Kay.
Professionalism: can it be taught? 2012. Collier R. CMAJ: 184(11).
Modi JN, Anshu, Gupta P, Singh T. 2014. Teaching and Assessing Professionalism in the Indian Context. Indian Pediatr 51(15):81-8.
Mohanna K, Cottrell E, Wall D, Chambers R. 2011. Teaching Made Easy (3rd edn.) Redcliffe Publishing Ltd., pp 147-58.
Charaon R. 2012. At the membranes of care: stories in narrative medicine. Acad Med 87:342-7.
Cohen LG, Sherief YA. 2014. Twelve tips on teaching and learning humanism in medical education. Med Teach 36: 680-4.
Weinberg D. 2014. Twelve Tips for medical students to maximize learning in theatres. Med Teach 2: 34-40.
Klemenc-Ketis Z, Kersnik J. 2011. Using movies to teach professionalism to medical students. BMC Medical Education 11:60.
Adkoli BV, Al-Umran KU, Al-Sheikh MH, Deepak KK, Al-Rubaish AM. 2011. Medical students’ perception of professionalism: A qualitative study from Saudi Arabia. Med Teach 33(10):840-5.
Kelly KA, Stanke LD, Rabi SM, Kuba SE, Janke KK. 2011. Cross-Validation of an Instrument for Measuring Professional Behaviors. American J of Pharmaceutical Education 75(9): 1-10.
Brody H, Hermer LD. 2011. Professionally responsible malpractice reform. J Gen Intern Med 26 (7):806-9.
Adkoli BV. 2015. Teaching professional values in medical education. Natl Med J Ind of India 28:194-197.
Woodyard, C. 2011. Exploring the therapeutic effects of yoga and its ability to increase quality of life. International Journal of Yoga 4(2): 49–54. http://doi.org/10.4103/0973- 6131.85485.
Schafheutle EI, Hassell K, Ashcroft DM, Harrison S. 2013. Organizational Philosophy as a New Perspective on Understanding the Learning of Professionalism. Am J Pharm Educ 77(10):214.