Accurate diagnosis, reduction or elimination of causative agents and risk management forms the basis for the prevention and/or treatment of periodontal disease. Thus it becomes logical to differentiate between risk and diagnosis, as both are vastly different entities. Risk predicts the disease status at some future point in time, including the rate at which an existing disease condition is likely to progress. Diagnosis, by contrast, is an expression of a current disease status. AAP World Workshop 1996, states that “Assessment of risk is an integral part of diagnosing and treating periodontal disease”. This article reviews some of the periodontal risk assessment tools including the recent advances for the same.
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