The purpose of contemporary dentin bonding agent is to know or understand the clinical effectiveness of contemporary resin-based dentin bonding agents primarily focusing on the longevity of restoration. Despite the significant improvements of adhesive systems, the bonded interface remains the weakest area of tooth-colored restorations. The most important reasons for the failure of adhesive restorations with earlier adhesives are the loss of retention and the deficient marginal adaptation. However, the introduction of reliable adhesive restorative materials has subsequently reduced the need for extensive tooth preparation. Dentin bonding has evolved from no-etch to total-etch to self-etch systems. The development of self-etching primer adhesive systems has greatly simplified resin bonding procedures, as a separate etching step is no longer required. There is much interest and activity nowadays with dentin bonding agents. More focus has been laid upon conservative approach of tooth preparation. Therefore, introduction of adhesive restorative materials has reduced the need for an extensive tooth preparation. Modern dental bonding systems come as a “three-step system”, where the etchant, primer, and adhesive are applied sequentially; as a “two-step system”, where the etchant and the primer are combined for simultaneous application; and as a “one-step system”, where all the components should be premixed and applied in a single application (so-called seventh generation of bonding agents So, now the newer generations of bonding agents, self-etch, total etch and their mechanisms and their inner microscopic changes are explained in detail in the forthcoming pages.
Van Meerbeek B, De Munck J, Yoshida Y, Inoue S, Vargas M, Vijay P, Van Landuyt K, Lambrechts P VGB. Adhesion to enamel and dentin: current status and future challenges. Oper Dent. 2003;28:215–35.
Van Niuwenhuysen JP, D'Hoore W, Carvalho J, Qvist V. Longterm evaluation of extensive restorations in permanent teeth. J Dent 2003; 31: 395-405 (Pub Med: 12878022).
Hunter AR, Treasue ET, Hunter AJ. Increases in cavity volume associated with the removal of class 2 amalgam and composite restorations. Operat Dent 1995; 20:2–6.
Kleverlaan CJ, Feilzer AJ. Polymerization shrinkage and contraction stress of dental resin composites. Dent Mater 2005;21:1150–1157.
Abedin F, Ye Q, Parthasarathy R, Misra a., Spencer P. Polymerization Behavior of Hydrophilic-Rich Phase of Dentin Adhesive. J Dent Res [Internet]. 2015;94(3):500–7. Available from: http://jdr. sagepub. com/cgi/doi/10.1177/0022034514565646YiuC.
An overview of solvents in resin-dentin bonding. 2014;(January).
On AF, Disease S. Current Concepts. 2009;2(2):1–8.
Gupta S, Biswal SS, Kaushik SV. Review Article Dentin Bonding Agents: An Overview.:82–4.
Communication S. Dentin Bonding Agents I: Complete Classification — A Review. 2011;2(December):367–70.
Strassler HE, Mann M. Dental Adhesives for Direct Placement Composite Restorations: An Update.
Journal of esthetic dentistry and restorative dentistryvol 27, n0.6.331- 334.2015doi.10.1111/jerd.12185 by Jorge perdigao, edwardnj.swift.j.r.dmd, ms.
Phillips ciences of dental materials Anusavice/shen/rawls/Elsevier.
Agee K, Chiba A, Tagami J. HHS Public Access. 2016;28(6):706– 21.
Inoue G, Nikaido T, Foxton RM, Tagami J. The acid-base resistant zone in three dentin bonding systems. 2009;28(6):717–21.
Di Francescantonio, M., de Oliveira, M. T., Shinohara, M. S., Ambrosano, G. M. B., & Giannini, M. (2007). Bond strength evaluation of self-etch and total-etch adhesive systems on intact and ground human enamel. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 6(23), 1462–1466.
Helvey G a. Creating super dentin: using flowable composites as luting agents to help prevent secondary caries. Compend Contin Educ Dent [Internet]. 2013;34(4):288–300. Available from: http://www. ncbi.nlm. nih.gov/pubmed/23895566.
Nikaido T, Inoue G, Takagaki T, Waidyasekera K, Iida Y, Shinohara MS, et al. New strategy to create “Super Dentin” using adhesive technology: Reinforcement of adhesive-dentin interface and protection of tooth structures. Jpn Dent Sci Rev. 2011;47(1):31–42.
Aggarwal V, Singla M, Sharma R, Miglani S, Bhasin SS. Effects of simplified ethanol-wet bonding technique on immediate bond strength with normal versus caries-affected dentin. J Conserv Dent [Internet]. 2016;19(5):419–23. Available from: http://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27656059.
Van Landuyt K, De Munck J, Coutinho E, Peumans M, Lambrechts P, Van Meerbeek B. Bonding to dentin: Smear layer and the process of hybridization. Dental Hard Tissues and Bonding: Interfacial Phenomena and Related Properties. 2005. 89-122 p.
Tjäderhane L, Nascimento FD, Breschi L, Mazzoni A, Tersariol ILS, Geraldeli S, et al. Optimizing dentin bond durability: Control of collagen degradation by matrix metalloproteinases and cysteine cathepsins. Dent Mater [Internet]. 2013;29(1):116–35.
Liu Y, Tjäderhane L, Breschi L, Mazzoni A, Li N, Mao J, et al. Limitations in bonding to dentin and experimental strategies to prevent bond degradation. J Dent Res. 2011;90(8):953–68.
The Evolution of Dentin Bonding | Dentistry Today [Internet]. Available from: http://dentistrytoday.com/materials/1483.
Parmar G. Review article: Hybrid layer: Foundation of Dental bonding. 2014;(October):46–50.
Swift EJ. Dentin/enamel adhesives: review of the literature. Pediatr Dent. 2002;24(5):456–61.
Ekambaram M, Kar C, Yiu Y, Pekka J, Wen J, Chang W, et al. Science Direct Effect of chlorhexidine and ethanol-wet bonding with a hydrophobic adhesive to intraradicular dentine. J Dent [Internet]. 2014;1–11. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. jdent.2014.02.006.
Ekambaram M, Kar C, Yiu Y, Pekka J, Martyn N, Russell F. Science Direct Adjunctive application of chlorhexidine and ethanol-wet bonding on durability of bonds to sound and cariesaffected dentine. J Dent [Internet]. 2014;42(6):709–19. Available from: http://dx. doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2014.04.001.
Effect of simplified ethanol-wet bonding on microtensile bond strengths of dentin 2 adhesive agents with different solvents. 2016;(October).
Pei D, Huang X, Huang C, Wang Y. Ethanol-wet bonding may improve root dentine bonding performance of hydrophobic adhesive. J Dent [Internet]. 2012;40(5):433–41. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2012.02.005.
Article R, Pathology M. From dry bonding to water-wet bonding to ethanol-wet bonding. A review of the interactions between dentin matrix and solvated resins using a macromodel of the hybrid layer. 2007 Swift j. Review. 1998;
Kenshima S, Francci C, Reis A, Dourado A, Eloy L, Filho R. Conditioning effect on dentin, resin tags and hybrid layer of different acidity self-etch adhesives applied to thick and thin smear layer. 2006;34:775–83.
Giannini M, Makishi P, Almeida Ayres AP, Moreira Vermelho P, Marin Fronza B, Nikaido T, et al. Self - Etch Ad hesive Systems: A Literature Review. Braz Dent J. 2015;26(1):3–10.
Zhang Y, Burrow M, Palamara J, Thomas C. Bonding to Glass Ionomer Cements Using Resin-based Adhesives. Oper Dent. 2011;36:618–25.
Carious Dentin Treatment For Glass Ionomer Cement Adhesion: A Comparative Study Carious Dentin Treatment For Glass Ionomer Cement Adhesion: A Comparative Study. 2010;1–11.