Journal of Scientific Dentistry

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Volume 11, Number 2, July-December 2021

EDITORIAL

R Saravanakumar, Subhash Chandra Parija

Artificial Intelligence and Interdisciplinary Research

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:43 - 43]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1007  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Original Article

Dhanavel Chakravarthy, Vijayaraja Selvapandiane, Sri Niranchana Radhakrishnan, Bakkiyalakshmi Arumugam, Manonmani Shivakumar

Knowledge and Attitude Levels on Regenerative Endodontic Procedures among the Dental Residents in and around Puducherry

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:44 - 47]

Keywords: Regenerative endodontics, Stem cells, Vitality

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1001  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To assess the knowledge and attitudes levels on regenerative endodontic procedures among dental residents in and around Puducherry. Materials and methods: It is a descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire-based study carried out in the region of in and around Puducherry in 2020. One hundred and ninety-three participants from five dental colleges included in this study: Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, n = 27; Mahatma Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, n = 26; Raja Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, n = 36; Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, n = 54; and Sri Venkateswara Dental College and Hospital, n = 55. A Questionnaire through the Google Form comprised a set of 18 questions. Results: A total of 82.4% participants were aware of different types of regenerative endodontic procedures; 55.4% of the participants gained knowledge from curriculum; 28% of them gained knowledge through conference and journals; and 47.2% of them were aware of the different types of stem cells, of which only very few were able to identify all the possible cell sources (26.4%) and possible teeth sources (20.7%) from which the dental stem cells can be extracted. Conclusion: Regenerative therapies are being one among the most novel topics, ruling the world of medicine and dentistry (7), it necessitates the inclusion of intensive training and more numbers of continuing dental education (CDE) programs to be conducted to uplift the standard of knowledge among the dental residents.

Original Article

Thamizhp P Guna, R Sathyanarayanan, P Rilna, S Raja Sethupathy Cheeman, K Raghu, Daisy Loyola, Raymond J Periera

Assessment of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Dental Postgraduate Students in Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Puducherry: A Cross-sectional Questionnaire Study

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:48 - 51]

Keywords: Anxiety and depression, Cross-sectional study, Dental education, Dentistry, Postgraduate education, Stress

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1003  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Students who pursue a career in dentistry face a demanding academic and clinical curriculum that can result in depression and anxiety. Students are subjected to different kinds of stressors, some being the pressure from academics with an obligation to succeed while studies usually report sources of stress for dentistry students; there is less information on the levels of stress. Aim: The aim is to assess the depression, anxiety, and stress in dental postgraduate students in Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Puducherry. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was done, and the study samples included all the postgraduates of all nine specialties. Results: Stress was rather general among all the groups of the study participants; certain factors or stressors, such as the amount of assigned work, competition with peers, examination, and grades, lack of confidence to be a thriving student, and fear of facing parents after failure, impede the academic life of these students and had more significance among the groups when compared to others. Conclusion: Dental students have higher levels of depression, anxiety, or stress than the general population, indicating they may be at risk for greater psychological distress. The academic life of the students seemed to be hampered due to various potential stress factors, such as the amount of assigned work, competition with peers, examination, and grades, lack of confidence to be a thriving student, and fear of facing parents after failure. The information from this study should address such issues that arise in the educational setting and help in creating the learning environment design, as well as interventions to support students through this challenging degree.

Original Article

Prabhu Subramani, G Mageswari, N Kamalini, M Muthavi

Are E-learning Apps Replacing the Classroom Learning among Dental Students? A Questionnaire Survey

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:52 - 55]

Keywords: Dental education, Dental students, E-learning

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1008  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had brought a paradigm shift in education systems all over the world; dental education is no exception to it. This study aimed to determine how dental students perceive e-learning as having an influence on dental education. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among N = 160 students of Asan Memorial Dental College and Hospital. Self-administrated validated questionnaire consisting of questions about demographic profile, attitude, knowledge, and practice toward e-learning methodologies was assessed. Results: Of N = 160 students, n = 74 (46.3%) were preclinical students and n = 86 (53.8%) were clinical students. Of the preclinical students, n = 41 (25.6%) preferred e-learning and n = 71 (44.4%) clinical students did (p <0.05). N = 15 (9.35%) of preclinical students and n = 44 (27.5%) of clinical students surveyed indicated that the knowledge gained could be applied practically. N = 23 (14.37%) of preclinical students and n = 39 (24.3%) of clinical students felt the e-learning system will be a success in the future. Conclusion: E-learning apps are more beneficial for dental students than traditional methods of learning. The future of dental education will be made up of a combination of physical classes and online classes, which is known as blended learning.

CASE REPORT

Elsie S Ebenezer, Gowtham Krishna, K Srinivasan, Saravana Kumar Ravindran, Pratebha Balu, Karthikeyan Ilangovan

Surgical Retrieval of Fractured Orthodontic Mini-implant: A Case Report

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:56 - 60]

Keywords: Fracture, Mini-implants, Orthodontics, Temporary anchoraging systems

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1004  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: This case report demonstrates the successful retrieval of orthodontic mini-implant. Background: The idea of absolute anchorage has always been an evasive goal for clinicians. Tooth movements that are arduous to move can be achieved by orthodontic mini-implants or temporary anchorage devices. Since 1997, there is plenty of evidence available on mini-screw implant placement, which has been used for anchorage. But ample of evidence exists on how to use the anchoraging systems, and their failures have been merely focused upon, especially mini-implant fracture. Case description: Two case reports of mini-implant fracture on 45, 46 regions and one case report on 25, 26 regions are been discussed. A 1.6 × 8 mm stainless steel mini-implant (Ortho One) was used as a temporary anchorage device. The probable cause of mini-implant fracture was the improper angulation of mini-implant during placement and thick cortication of bone. After attaining adequate anesthesia, the surrounding bone was removed circumferentially using carbide bur under copious saline irrigation. With the help of Howe\'s plier, the mini-implant is retrieved. After achieving hemostasis, simple interrupted sutures are placed. Postoperative instructions, antibiotics, and analgesics are prescribed. Conclusion: Anchoraging devices fracture is an unusual clinical presentation and has to be treated wisely. A meticulous understanding of the biological and mechanical properties of anchoraging systems and clinical experience should be important in circumventing the clinical complications. Clinical significance: Mini-screws are valuable tools that increase and improve the quality of orthodontic treatment if properly used. There is hardly any evidence of fractured mini-implant case reports on it. The subsequent case report marked out the successful management of fractured mini-implant. It is a rare clinical chance that has to be managed judiciously. A methodical understanding of the biological and mechanical aspects of anchoraging systems would be helpful in bypassing complications.

CASE REPORT

Varsha Maria Sebastian, Emil S Mani

Endodontic Management of Radix Entomolaris: A Report of Two Cases

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:61 - 64]

Keywords: Mandibular molar, Radix entomolaris, Root canal preparation

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1005  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Root canal anatomy is complicated and interpretation of the variations from the norm is crucial for an optimum treatment outcome. Radix entomolaris (RE) is a common variation recorded in the mandibular molars. It is characterized by a supernumerary root located distolingually. Proper diagnosis is critical for identifying this supernumerary root and preventing misdiagnosis, which could potentially give rise to an unfavorable outcome. The objective of this article is to describe the successful management of two cases presenting with RE.

CASE REPORT

Lakshmi Thribhuvanan, MS Saravanakumar

Management of Mucocele Ankyloglossia and Unerupted Teeth Using Diode Laser in Pediatric Patients

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:65 - 69]

Keywords: Diode laser, Laser treatment, Pediatric dentistry

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1009  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Lasers have become an amicable and widely prospective treatment modality in pediatric dentistry. It\'s high acceptability rate among children and adolescents has embedded in designing and formulating stress-free environment in pediatric dentistry. Among the versatile range of dental lasers, diode laser predominates in possessing variable wavelengths hence facilitating its applications on numerous and extensive surgical procedures. The cardinal advantages of the laser-assisted surgeries over the conventional scalpel and blade surgical procedures are well-determined precision of the surgical technique, lack of bleeding sites, lack of edematous surgical areas, no visible scar formation, and negligible postoperative pain for the patient. Pediatric dentistry is an age defined dental specialty encompassing and assimilating all aspects of child development. However, pediatric treatment modalities differ in greater extent than adult patients. Hence, it relies upon the pediatric dentist to be well-versed, familiar, and knowledgeable with regard to the child\'s growth and development consistent with their subsequent age. This article presents with three case reports in which diode laser had been utilized for specified treatment modalities.

REVIEW ARTICLE

PS Manoharan, BT Pradeep Raja, Saikiran Koppolu

Versatility of a New Thermoplastic Material for Use in Prosthodontics: A Potential Material for a Promising Future

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:70 - 71]

Keywords: Baltic denture, CAD–CAM dentures, Impression material, Interocclusal record material

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1002  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Prosthodontics more than any other dental specialty has shown the capability of evolution in response to changing needs and will probably continue to change. Emerging concepts, materials, and technologies impact the education, research, and practice of prosthodontics. One such evolution is the introduction of a thermoplastic impression material used in the fabrication of CAD–CAM dentures. Unless we are abreast of recent trends and developments taking place in various fields appropriate to the specialty, one will get isolated from the scientific arena with the risk of losing the perspective. So, the aim of this short communication is to give a glimpse of the new impression material, its uses, and scope of research.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Udhayan Asokan, Arya J Varma, Lidhiya Alexander, Aniruddh V Yashwant

Contemporary Perspectives in Orthodontic Retention

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:72 - 75]

Keywords: Orthodontic retention, Relapse, Retainers

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1010  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Retention and relapse form one of the most important components of successful orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic relapse has remained one of the persistent problems in long-term success of comprehensive orthodontic treatment. Clinical research in contemporary orthodontic scenario has determined the changes taking place several years after orthodontic treatment and its influencing factors. Factors, including growth, periodontium, age, third molars, tooth dimensions, etc., have been held responsible for posttreatment relapse. Many treatment procedures have been devised to ensure stability and prevent or at least avoid posttreatment changes so as to reduce relapse. A proper understanding of the changes and various factors affecting retention and relapse process is important. Newer orthodontic treatment modalities, though might provide an ideal end treatment result, will fail to produce a significant impact for the patient if orthodontic retention and relapse is not considered.

VIEWPOINT

Shivasakthy Manivasakan, Nilakantan Ananthakrishnan

Dental Profession at the Crossroads: The Indian Scenario

[Year:2021] [Month:July-December] [Volume:11] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:76 - 77]

Keywords: Admission, Dental education, Dentistry, Health profession, Higher education, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1006  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The undergraduate and postgraduate admission of dental seats in India has been facing a decline in the recent past. The future of the dental profession is at stake in the country due to multifaceted issues. Without solving the actual underlying problem, there is no point in blaming the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) or bringing down the scores to fill the seats. It\'s high time the policymakers, senior professionals, government, and the regulatory body take an action to improve the scenario and save the profession from the crisis.

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