Journal of Scientific Dentistry

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2021 | January-June | Volume 11 | Issue 1

EDITORIAL

Shivasakthy Manivasakan, Subhash C Parija

Dental Research at Stake in COVID Era

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:1 - 1]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0944  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Original Article

J Jenish Manohar, Jaishree Tukaram Kshirsagar, A Selvam, A Mahalakshmi, T Nirmmal Maria

Comparative Radiographic Study of Hydroxyapatite/Beta-tricalcium Phosphate with Bioabsorbable Membrane in the Management of Mandibular Class II Furcation Defects

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:2 - 7]

Keywords: Beta-tricalcium phosphate, Bioabsorbable membrane, Bony defects, Furcation, Furcation involvement, Guided tissue regeneration, Hydroxyapatite

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0935  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Management of moderate to advanced furcation defects presents a major challenge in periodontal therapy. Conventional treatments like root resection have led to limited success which led to attempts of regenerative therapy which can result in bone fill and closure of defects. Aim and objective: To compare the outcomes of hydroxyapatite (HA)/beta-tricalcium phosphate (BTCP) with bioabsorbable collagen membrane (test group) to open flap debridement (OFD) (control) in the management of human mandibular class II furcation defects radiographically. Materials and methods: A total of 20 furcation involvement sites (10 tests and 10 controls) were treated in this randomized clinical trial. Test groups were treated with OSSIFI (HA/BTCP) and HEALIGUIDE (collagen membrane). Control groups were treated with OFD alone. Defect depth, defect fill, and defect fill percentage were measured radiographically. p value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: After 6 months, radiographic measurements showed a significant defect fill of 1.69 ± 0.55 and 1.18 ± 0.32 in test and control groups, respectively. The test group showed statistically significant improvements. Conclusion: The combined use of HA/BTCP with collagen membrane demonstrated clinically better results and statistically significant improvement in defect fill in intraoral periapical radiograph (IOPA) compared with open debridement.

Original Article

Jasmine J Rayapudi, Ramarao Sathyanarayanan, Usha Carounanidy, Bindu M John

Evaluation of Noncarious Cervical Lesions Restored with Resin-modified Glass Ionomer and Glass Carbomer: A Single-blind Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:8] [Pages No:8 - 15]

Keywords: Fuji II LC, Glass carbomer, Glass ionomer cement, Heat cure, Randomized controlled clinical trial, Resin modified glass ionomer cement, Single-blind, United States Public Health Services criteria

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0940  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To compare and evaluate the clinical performance of glass carbomer cement over a period of 1 year, with that of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in permanent teeth using the University of North Carolina (UNC)-modified United States Public Health Services (USPHS) criteria. Materials and methods: Thirty-three subjects (30–60 years) with NCCLs of not >2 mm depth in premolars were recruited. Fifty-six NCCLs were restored with RMGIC (group I) and another 56 NCCLs with glass carbomer (group II). Single-blind evaluation of clinical parameters was performed at baseline, 3rd, 6th, and 12th month using modified USPHS criteria. Intragroup comparison at various intervals was evaluated using the McNemar test and the intergroup comparison using Fisher\'s exact tests. Results: Recall rate was 73.2% for 1 year. Statistically significant decline was present after 12 months for marginal integrity (p = 0.008), anatomic form (0.002), and color match (p = 0.0003) for group II. Group I restorations showed better results in terms of retention, marginal integrity (p = 0.005), color match (p < 0.0001), wear (p = 0.0311), recurrent caries (p = 0.0228), marginal staining (p = 0.0086), fracture (p = 0.0054), and postoperative sensitivity (p = 0.0574). Conclusion: Glass carbomer, despite containing nano-sized powder particles and thermal setting, falls short of demonstrating acceptable clinical performance.

Original Article

Prabhu Subramani, Srividya Neelakantan, Sheran Priyadarshini Johnson, Srilatha Srinivasan

Association between Confidence in Smiling and Esthetic Characteristics: A Cross-sectional Study in Chengalpattu

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:16 - 18]

Keywords: Confidence, Esthetics, Self-perception, Smile

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0941  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: A multitude of parameters influences the smile of a person. Individuals with pleasant smiles are often construed to be easily approachable. Aim and objective: This study aims to analyze the dental, facial, and gingival characteristics associated with confidence in smiling in the general population of Chengalpattu. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted in the general population among individuals from 18 to 50 years of age (N = 175) after required history elicitation and clinical examination. Independent samples t-test was used to analyze the self-perception about the beauty of teeth across gender. Results: A positive correlation between dental health status and confidence in smiling was found (p < 0.05). There was no significant association in the perception of study subjects regarding the beauty of teeth and liking toward their own smile across gender (p > 0.05). The parameters that were chosen the most by the individuals who wished to have a better smile were the alignment of teeth (n = 43, 16.6%) followed by teeth shape (n = 35, 13.5%) and teeth color (n = 32, 12.4%). Conclusion: Self-perception of the smile has an impact on the psychosocial well-being of the individual as well as confidence during smiling. Clinical significance: Understanding the perception of the general population about dentofacial features and their effect on an individual\'s confidence is of paramount importance for dental practitioners to provide better esthetic and functional results.

CASE REPORT

Nithin J Jude, Sathyanarayanan Ramanujam, Raghu Kumaravelu, Ramya

Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor: A Case Report

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:19 - 22]

Keywords: Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, Dentigerous cyst, Enucleation, Hamartomatous, Odontogenic cyst

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0932  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Here, we present a case report of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, a tumor of odontogenic epithelium in a 17-year-old young female patient who presented with a history of swelling in left side of face involving anterior maxilla which persisted for past 2 years with complaints of missing 23 and retained deciduous 62. At first, it was misdiagnosed as dentigerous cyst. Later, it was diagnosed as adenomatoid odontogenic tumor based on the biopsy report. This article focuses on various diagnostic aspects of this tumor and its surgical management. The treatment option chosen for this case was enucleation, and it is intervened under general anesthesia. On follow-up appointments, the patient reported no chance of recurrence. The conflicting views whether the lesion was neoplasm or an anomalous hamartomatous growth was also discussed.

CASE REPORT

Raghu Kumaravelu, Nithin J Jude, R Sathyanarayanan

Radicular Cyst: A Case Report

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:23 - 25]

Keywords: Decompression, Odontogenic cyst, Periapical cyst, Radicular cyst of mandibular, Surgical enucleation

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0939  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

We are presenting a case of a 34-year-old female patient with a diagnosis of radicular cyst reported to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department with a complaint of swelling in her face in relation to the right lower back tooth region for the past 1 month. Proved as a radicular cyst based on histopathology report after excision biopsy. In this case report, we focus on various diagnostic aspects of this cyst and its surgical management. The treatment of choice for this case was decompression followed by enucleation under local anesthesia. No recurrence was noted during the review.

CASE REPORT

Akshaya Thiruvalluvan, Jagat Reddy

Coexistence of Multiple Potentially Malignant Disorders: A Case Report

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:26 - 28]

Keywords: Oral leukoplakia, Oral lichen planus, Oral submucous fibrosis, Potentially malignant disorders

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0943  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The oral potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) is a term used to describe the risk of malignancy being present in an oral lesion or condition either during the time of initial diagnosis or at a future date as per the World Health Organization (WHO). The prevalence of PMDs is reported to be 1–5% among the global population. The most common oral PMDs are leukoplakia, oral lichen planus (OLP), and oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). The coexistence of all there PMDs is a rare presentation. Literature search showed a dearth of case report with all three PMDs. This is a case report of a patient with all three PMDs manifesting in his oral cavity.

REVIEW ARTICLE

John Ebinezer, Vezhavendhan Nagaraj

Prevalence of Dental Caries among Children in Indian Population

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:29 - 30]

Keywords: Children, Dental caries, Prevalence of dental caries, Primary dentition

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0923  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries plays an important role in oral health problems. Its prevalence and severity is increasing day by day throughout the world. Thus, the objective of this review is to analyze the prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in Indian population. Materials and methods: Three relevant articles were selected for the review, and the articles were searched from PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Chinese Biomedical Database, Scopus, and Web of Science. Results: The prevalence of dental caries among Indian school-going children in primary dentition ranges from 64 to 78%, and in permanent dentition, the value ranges from 18 to 67%. Female had higher caries incidence than male. Prevalence of 61.8% noticed in low-socioeconomic group and 49.1% in high-socioeconomic status people. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental caries among Indian school-going children is high in primary dentition when compared with the permanent dentition, and the caries prevalence rate is high in females. The people from low-socioeconomic status group show higher percentage of caries prevalence.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Apoorva Sokke Mallikarjunappa, Swati George, Suchetha Aghanashini, Divya Bhat, Darshan B Mundinamane, Sapna Nadiger

Collagen—The Skeleton of the Periodontium: A Review

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:31 - 36]

Keywords: Biochemistry, Collagen, Crimping, Degradation, Mechanical support, Mineralization, Sharpey\'s fibers

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0938  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim and objective: The fibers of the periodontal ligament are a structurally integrated unit of fibrous components mainly collagenous in nature and similar to the other supportive connective tissues. Collagen is the foremost abundant protein in mammals. Within the extracellular matrix, they form supramolecular assemblies with a minimum of one triple-helical domain. Background: The collagen family comprises 28 members. The fibers of the periodontium play a role in the structural organization of the tissues, and contribute to its mechanical properties, by accommodating intensive forces from mastication and tooth eruption. They interact with cells via several receptor families and regulate their proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Certain collagens have a restricted tissue distribution and hence specific biological functions. Review results: This review brings to light the synthesis, mineralization, and degradation of various types of collagen. Conclusion: Collagen serves immense functions related to the structural integrity as well in the tooth-eruption mechanism. It presents with a rapid turnover rate which along with its biochemical composition would thereby help in determining a pathological involvement causing periodontal destruction.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Yamini Kanipakam, Vezhavendhan Nagaraja, Bala Maddileti Gandla, Santha Devy Arumugam

A Review on COVID-19 Outbreak: An Unprecedented Threat to the Globe

[Year:2021] [Month:January-June] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:37 - 41]

Keywords: Coronavirus, Epidemic, Global health emergency, Pandemic

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0942  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The coronavirus outbreak in December 2019 has added renewed interest in bygone micro enemy and upraise questions about the ability of current protective measures in our healthcare system to handle this threat. It is a known fact that coronaviruses to cause respiratory infections in humans for over six decades, but their pandemic potentiality has been addressing for the last few years. Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has caused so much concern around the world that the World Health Organization (WHO) on January 30, 2020, proclaimed it as a world health emergency, and on March 11, 2020, the WHO declared COVID-19 a global-wide pandemic. The ease at which this virus spread caused people to use some precautionary measures such as masks and gloves, resulting in the generation of a large amount of medical waste in the environment. To reduce the spread of the virus, human beings were put on restricted at homes in the name of lockdown. This pandemic has also altered people\'s lifestyles. This analysis reflects the current state of public health impact; we deal with current information on coronaviruses, including epidemiology, signs and symptoms, disease manifestation, and treatment and prevention strategies.

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