Journal of Scientific Dentistry

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2022 | July-December | Volume 12 | Issue 2

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EDITORIAL

R Saravanakumar, Subash Chandra Parija

After the COVID-19 Pandemic—Is It a New Normal?

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:41 - 42]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1031  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Arthi Alagappan, Jananni Muthu, R Saravana Kumar

Pattern of Toothbrushing among College Students in Puducherry: A Questionnaire Survey

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:43 - 46]

Keywords: Behavior guidance, Cervical abrasion, Fluoridated, Gingival recession

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1030  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The aim of the study is to determine the toothbrushing behavior and pattern among college students of Puducherry. Thus creating awareness and approach through a questionnaire form has been done. Data was collected using a structured, validated, standard, self-administered questionnaire in which participants were asked to provide details on their toothbrushing habits. The questionnaire was sent to undergraduate students of all disciplines and compared with dental students. Students were contacted through known contacts, and the questionnaire was sent through an online Google Form. The responses were recorded and displayed as a percentage of the means. Based on the results we conclude by stating that community-based oral health campaigns should be established. Promoting the use of fluoridated toothpaste, proper brushing technique, and additional self-care activities. Periodontal health can be impacted by irregular brushing practices.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Aruna Sharma

Association between rs144070672 and Early Childhood Caries: Case–Control Study

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:47 - 49]

Keywords: Caries, Oral health, Pediatric dentistry

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1033  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Genetic factors influence the susceptibility to early childhood caries. This study aims to evaluate the association between rs144070672 and early childhood caries Methods: Two hundred and forty-eight 3–6-year-old children were recruited into the study, of which 124 children were with early childhood caries and 124 children were without early childhood caries. DNA isolation was done from venous blood and polymerase chain reaction was done. These products were sequenced and the genotypes were analyzed. Results: The samples did not reveal any mutant homozygous genotype differentiation. The odds ratio for the heterozygous genotype was 0.495 with 95% confidence intervals being (0.044–5.54) and a p-value of 0.561. Conclusion: Single nucleotide polymorphism rs144070672 does not increase susceptibility to caries in the studied population.

221

REVIEW ARTICLE

Najiba Akbar, Pavithranand Ammayappan, Hanumanth Sankar, Lidhiya Alexander

Stability in Orthodontics

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:50 - 53]

Keywords: Relapse, Removable retainer, Retention, Stability

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1028  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Orthodontic relapse can be defined as the tendency for teeth to return to their pretreatment position, and this occurs especially in lower front teeth (lower canines and lower incisors). Retention, to maintain the position of corrected teeth, has become one of the most important phases of orthodontic treatment. It is important to prevent the relapse of orthodontically treated teeth to their pretreatment positions for successful orthodontic treatment outcomes. Relapse can occur as a result of forces from the periodontal fibers around the teeth, which tend to pull the teeth back toward their pretreatment positions, and also from deflecting occlusal contacts if the final occlusion is less than ideal. Age changes, in the form of ongoing dentofacial growth, as well as changes in the surrounding soft tissues, can also affect the stability of the orthodontic outcome. Relapse following orthodontic treatment is caused by the lack of reorganization and subsequent reorientation of the supracrestal periodontal fibers. Post-retention outcomes in adults have been shown to be at least as stable as those in adolescents in relation to midline alignment, overjet, overbite, molar relationship, and incisor alignment. Edwards reported a simple and efficacious surgical technique that could attenuate the presumed influence of supracrestal periodontal fibers on rotational relapse.

863

REVIEW ARTICLE

VVS Lakshmi D Sahithi, Pavithranand Ammayappan, Lidhiya Alexander, V Vijay Kumar

The Sunshine Vitamin: An Orthodontic Perspective

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:54 - 56]

Keywords: Orthodontics, Rate of orthodontic tooth movement, Vitamin D, Vitamin-D deficiency

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1029  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Vitamin-D insufficiency is almost universally prevalent, with south Indians having the highest prevalence of the condition. Based on the normal range, the deficiency in literature is categorized as vitamin-D sufficiency, insufficiency, and deficiency. Worldwide, it is believed that one billion people of all ages and ethnicities are vitamin D deficient (VDD). The main factors limiting exposure to sunshine, which is necessary for ultraviolet-B (UVB)-induced vitamin-D synthesis in the skin, are lifestyle (such as a drop in outdoor activities) and environmental (such as air pollution) factors. It is very important for public health that vitamin-D insufficiency is not widespread because it is so common and is a standalone risk factor for overall mortality in the general population, vitamin-D insufficiency is a significant public health issue. The significance of this hormone for general health and its application in orthodontic treatment is at the forefront of the study as the number of patients with VDD keeps rising. The prevalence of VDD varies by age-group. As few foods really contain vitamin D, standards call for daily consumption and an acceptable upper limit. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D-level measurement is often advised as a preliminary diagnostic procedure for people receiving orthodontic care. Deficient patients are encouraged to obtain either vitamin-D2 or vitamin-D3 therapy with the doctor's clearance prior to starting orthodontic treatment.

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