Journal of Scientific Dentistry

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2023 | January-June | Volume 13 | Issue 1

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EDITORIAL

Aruna Sharma

Critical Appraisal: A Learning Tool in Undergraduate Education

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:1 - 2]

Keywords: Competency, Critical appraisal, Research

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1037  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Gaurav Singh, Shailendra S Chauhan, Aditya Sinha, Satendra Sharma

Mesotherapy Using Vitamin C and Platelet Rich Plasma as an Anti-inflammatory Agent in Persistent Gingival Inflammation: A Pilot Study

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:3 - 6]

Keywords: Anti-inflammatory agents, Inflammation, Mesotherapy, Periodontal therapy, Platelet-rich plasma, Vitamin C

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1027  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

In mesotherapy, the recipient receives minor dosages of biologically active substances in an area of pathology, which are delivered to the skin via local intradermal therapy (LIT). In addition to their anti-inflammatory properties, vitamin C and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can improve tissue repair and reduce inflammation. Aim: This study examined whether local injections of vitamin C and PRP could be used to treat persistent gingival inflammation. Materials and methods: Following phase-I therapy, 15 patients with chronic persistent gingival inflammation underwent PRP and vitamin C injections respectively into the gingiva. Each patient underwent a weekly evaluation to see if the inflammation had subsided. Results: During recall visits, the inflammation of the injected sites showed a significant improvement in post clinical pictures. Conclusions: Local intradermal therapy (LIT) with vitamin C and PRP has a synergistic interaction along with scaling and root planing in the treatment of persistent gingival inflammation.

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Original Article

Nivethitha Pandithurai, Pavithra Gunasekar, Thalaimalai Saravanan, KR Shakila

Evaluation of Mandibular Canal Anatomy, Variations, and its Classification in Panoramic Radiographs: A Retrospective Study

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:7 - 10]

Keywords: Bifid mandibular canal, Mandibular canal, Panoramic radiograph, Research article

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1023  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Oral surgical procedures involve the risk of injuring the mandibular alveolar, buccal, and lingual nerve with consequent transient or permanent paresthesia. The lack of knowledge concerning the anatomical variations of the mandibular canal had proven to increase the incidence of surgical complications. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the incidence and configuration of the bifid mandibular canal (BMC) based on orthopantomogram (OPG) images. Materials and methods: The sample of the research article consists of panoramic radiographs of 500 patients, of which 270 were men (54%) and 230 were women (46%). The normal anatomy of the mandibular canal and its variations were recorded according to the BMC classification given by Freitas et al. Results: Fifty-three BMCs were observed and their prevalence rate was 10.6%. The BMC was most predominant in men (56.6%) than in women (43.4%). The most predominant classification was class B (62.3%), followed by class C (24.5%), class D (11.3%), and class A (1.9%), mostly on the left side (51.0%). Conclusion: Based on the results obtained in the study, the prevalence rate was 10.6%. It was most predominant in men, unilaterally, on the left side and the most predominant classification was class B. It is concluded that a panoramic radiograph can also be used as a reliable tool in the identification of mandibular canal anatomy and its variations since it also provides accuracy as that of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). A thorough radiological evaluation is very important prior to surgical approaches in the mandible in order to prevent and avoid potential complications.

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Original Article

Poorvi Jain, Surekha Godbole, Seema Sathe, Rakhi Shinde

Evaluation of the Application of Various Concepts of Teeth Selection among Dental Practitioners in Central India

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:8] [Pages No:11 - 18]

Keywords: Cross-sectional study, Dental, Dental education, Dental students, Dentistry, Esthetic, Esthetic rehabilitation, Facial proportions, Maxillary anterior esthetics, Smile

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1025  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: The most important factor for the patients coming to the dentist for rehabilitation with the prosthesis is the way they look and the way their smile is perceived. The basic requirement of any patient is the desire for “life-like” appearance of the prosthesis. One of the most significant challenges was to discover how often all the concepts of teeth selection can be practically applied in daily practice and to evaluate their application among dental practitioners. Materials and methods: A questionnaire was circulated on the Google platform as a form of survey to determine the application of various concepts of teeth selection among dental practitioners. It was statistically evaluated on the basis of the majority of answers given. Correlation between the knowledge, attitude, and experience-based questions was determined. Results: A statistically significant correlation was found between the knowledge-based, attitude-based, and experience-based questions. There was a linear correlation seen as a graphical representation. The way knowledge, attitude, and experience of the dental practitioners affect the treatment was also determined and correlated. Conclusion: Esthetic rehabilitation is a wholesome process. All the factors should be given equal importance at every step from selection of the teeth to the teeth arrangement and the final results. Knowledge of all the concepts of teeth selection is important to add to the experience and attitude of the dentist. A combination of all the three values of the dental practitioner is the need of the hour to provide the superior esthetics to the patient.

362

REVIEW ARTICLE

Thrishna Ashok, Pavithranand Ammayappan, Hanumanth Sankar, Arya Jaya Varma

Orthodontic Archwires: An Update

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:19 - 24]

Keywords: Coated archwires, Esthetic archwires, Newer archwires, Variety of archwires

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1026  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Today more than 100 years have passed since Dr. Edward Angle placed his first archwire into a patient's mouth and orthodontics began. It was during that period many innovations did occur that have been explained in terms of art. As time passed, scientifically based orthodontics evolved, and we see from that time, many new innovations in material science have summed up with new treatment approaches and modalities. However, when we turn around and see the developments and innovations in material science, we stand with pride: but the urge to make treatment still more comfortable and less time-consuming has led us to the introduction of a plethora of new orthodontic materials and products that represent a significant improvement over their predecessors. This article compiles all archwire from Angle era till recent available newer archwire.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Priyanga Chandrashekar, Selestina JP Rene

Preventive Oral Healthcare Programs Worldwide: A Narrative Review

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:25 - 27]

Keywords: Behavior, Dental health, Health education, School, Smile

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1036  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Oral diseases are becoming an increasing global burden. Children and adolescents suffer more from acute infection, dental pain, and discomfort caused due to these oral diseases. Untreated caries affect a child's ability to eat, speak, learn, and sleep. Severe untreated caries in children affect nutrition, growth, and weight gain. Preventive oral healthcare programs are an economical and powerful means of raising community health in future generations. Some of the oral healthcare programs conducted worldwide are the Healthy Teeth, Happy Smiles!, Blue Book oral health program, Smile Train India, Childsmile, MaliMali program, Love Teeth day, Colgate's “young India” Bright Smiles, Bright Futures, Chacha Nehru Sehat Yojna school health scheme (SHS), Neev School Oral Health Program, Pit and fissure sealant pilot project, and Let's 8020. Oral health education is effective in enhancing the knowledge and oral health-related behaviors in the target population. Only with the coordinated and synergistic efforts of all stakeholders will progress in areas of oral health governance, oral health promotion and disease prevention, the oral health workforce, oral health services, and oral health information systems be possible.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Shasidharan Purushothaman, Dinesh Sridhar, Bindu Meera John, Keerthana Chandran, Hema Pulidindi

Strengthening of Ceramics: A Review

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:28 - 30]

Keywords: Ceramics, Griffith flaws, Thermal tempering

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1022  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

In dentistry, ceramics represents one of the major materials used for the restoration of decayed, damaged, or missing teeth. The word “Ceramic” is derived from the Greek word “keramos”, which means “burnt stuff”. In 1789, a French dentist named deChemant and a French pharmacist named Duchateau collaboratively developed the first porcelain tooth material. Charles H Land first introduced ceramics to dentistry in 1889 when he patented the all-porcelain crown. Porcelain-fused-to-metal crown was developed by Dr Abraham Weinstein. These materials have crystalline structures with periodic regular atom arrangements and have ionic or covalent bonding. Ceramics are incredibly brittle despite being very strong and will catastrophically fail even with slight flexure. Thus, these materials are strong in compression but weak in tension. This paper describes the methods of strengthening ceramics.

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EXPERT OPINION

Vini Mehta, Visha Shailesh Pandya

Statistics, Causality and Dentistry: End and Means!

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:31 - 32]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1032  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

163

SURVEY

Merlin Maria, Sudhakar Ramalingam, Shabana Fathima, Priyadharshini R Amirtha, P Nitheash

Knowledge and Perception on Autism among Dental Students: A Cross-sectional Study

[Year:2023] [Month:January-June] [Volume:13] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:33 - 35]

Keywords: Autism, Behavioral management, Bruxism, Children, Cross-sectional study, Dental problems

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-1035  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Autism spectrum disease (ASD) is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that begins at birth or during the first 18 months of life characterized by abnormalities in social interactions and communications and limited, repetitive behavior. Nonspecific neurological symptoms may be noted in many people with ASD such as lack of motor coordination, delayed development of hand dominance, and poor muscle tone. Dental and periodontal diseases can be compromised for children with ASD due to damaging oral habits such as bruxism, tongue thrusting, lip biting, and self-injurious behavior. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through a random sample of 50 undergraduate dental students with 11 close-ended questions through online survey form. The result summarizes that all the students have knowledge about autism. About 100% of the study population are aware about autism. About 80% of the population showed awareness of the techniques of the dental therapies. About 86% of the population had the knowledge of oral manifestations of psychoactive drugs or anticonvulsants.

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