Introduction: The present study contemplates about the profile of first year dental students and their attitudes towards choosing dentistry as a career. Aim and objectives: To assess the factors that leads to the choice of dentistry as an occupation among the first year students in one of the private dental colleges in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. Materials and methods: The study sample includes first year students in one of the private dental colleges in Madurai, who were enrolled during the academic year of 2017-2018. A cross sectional survey was conducted among 75 students of first year BDS using a self-administered questionnaire. The survey form consisted of ten close ended questions. Information was collected, evaluated and delineated as numeral and percentage. Results: The response rate of the study participants was 100%. Majority of the participants 58.7% of them have chosen dentistry because they were unable to get an admission in medical course. Discussion: Majority of the students in the study have chosen dentistry as an alternative to medicine and few of them by their family impact.
A. Santha Devy,
Mucocele is one of the common lesion of oral mucosa encountered that results from an alteration of minor salivary glands. Two histological types exist - extravasation and retention, with different causative factors such as trauma leading to severance of the duct with spillage of mucin into the adjacent connective tissue and obstruction respectively Clinically they consist of a soft, bluish and transparent cystic swelling which normally resolves spontaneously. Treatment frequently involves surgical removal micro marsupialization, cryosurgery, steroid injections and CO2 laser. As mucocele is a common lesion and affects the general population it is stressed to emphasis and share the perspectives of it.
Twinning is usually asymptomatic and is associated with poor esthetics, caries, malocclusions, arch-length discrepancies, periodontal disease, hyperdontia or hypodontia of the permanent successors, and eruption abnormalities. The present case report describes the management of a carious necrotic twinned primary central incisor followed up for one year. Twinning anomaly is characterized by the presence of mirror image teeth.
Beading and Boxing is performed to obtain the artistic portion of the cast. In an elastomeric impression for edentulous ridges, creation of a land area and base is crucial for a master cast. The techniques mentioned in the literature use plaster, plaster pumice mix, wax sheets, caulking compound, denture flask and play dough. Those techniques have their disadvantages being cumbersome, clumsy, time consuming and demand for skill and dexterity. Presented below is a modification of an existing technique by Vyas A et al . The new technique does not need addition of extra wax for securing the beading wax. It is rapid, neat and easy to learn and can be adopted for zinc-oxide eugenol impressions.
Aim: The aim of the review article was to compare the efficacy of topical Tacrolimus ointment with that of Triamcinolone acetonide ointment on patients suffering from oral lichen planus. Materials and method: A review study was done to analyse the efficacy of topical Tacrolimus ointment with that of Triamcinolone acetonide ointment on patients suffering from oral lichen planus. Over 5 articles were referred from Pubmed and Google database meeting our eligibility criteria (August 2006 - December 2016). A total of 240 patients who were clinically diagnosed with Oral Lichen Planus from a total of 5 studies with 3 randomized control trials and 2 clinical trials were included for this review. Result: Tacrolimus belongs to macrolide family and is caused by streptomycin tukubaensis. It inhibits the activation and proliferation of T-lymphocytes by inhibiting the phosphatase activity of calcineurin. The articles used for the review conclude that the application of Topical Tacrolimus helps in the alleviation of all clinical symptoms in over 80% of the patients under study.
Fahmitha Parveen S,
Aim: Oral sub mucous fibrosis is a high risk pre malignant condition predominantly seen in the Indian subcontinent. The aim of the study was to review the effect of Pentoxifylline on the clinical and pathologic course of OSMF. Material and methods: A review study was done to analyse the efficacy of Pentoxifylline in the treatment of OSMF. We searched over PubMed and Google database for studies meeting our eligibility criteria (august 2006 to July 2017). A total of 270 patients who were clinically diagnosed as OSMF from a total of 6 studies with one meta-analyses, 2 randomized control trial, three clinical trials were included for this review. Results: Pentoxifylline is a methyxanthine derivative, which showed considerable improvement in mouth opening, tongue protrusion, difficulty in speech and swallowing. The total symptom score improved by 85.8% in Pentoxifylline. Dexamethasone and Pentoxifylline showed significant mouth opening and reduction in burning sensation. Conclusion: Pentoxifylline can bring about significant improvement in all clinical signs of maximal mouth opening, tongue protrusion, burning sensation thereby improving the quality of life. Conflicting to the above findings, one randomized clinical trial showed no significant advancement in burning sensation, mouth opening, tongue protrusion.
Fathimuthu Johara A,
Elsie Sunitha Ebenezer,
Introduction: Cold sores – herpes labialis infects 90% of people worldwide, of whom only 30% will experience recurrent herpes labialis, which can last up to 10 days. The common treatment protocol for treating herpes labialis is antiviral drugs. Honey is readily available home remedy, herbal and biocompatible extract with antibacterial, antiviral & immune stimulatory effects. The present review is focussed to analyse the efficacy of topical application of honey in treating herpes labialis. Methods and Analysis: The primary focus of the search was on randomised control trail of honey versus acyclovir in the treatment of herpes labialis. The randomised control trail, clinical trials without randomization and other experimental studies were considered. Discussion: Honey is found to have antiviral properties, which is used in the treatment of herpes labialis. The component called NO (nitric oxide) has antiviral property. Reduction in signs and symptoms of herpetic lesions by honey application is due to inhibition of prostaglandin at lesion site. Conclusion: It is concluded that the mean duration healing time of honey is little lesser than acyclovir with the time period of 3-4 days. Pain reduction is comparable with acyclovir and acceptability of honey is good.