Journal of Scientific Dentistry

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2019 | July-December | Volume 9 | Issue 2

EDITORIAL

Subash C Parija, Saravana Kumar Ravindran

Research Ethics

[Year:2019] [Month:July-December] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

   DOI: 10.5005/jsd-9-2-iv  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Original Article

Sankari Radhakrishnan, Ramesh Venkatapathy, Pennagaram D Balamurali, Premalatha Babu, Karthik SV Prasad, Mohamed Thawfeek

Exfoliative Cytology in Age Estimation

[Year:2019] [Month:July-December] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:33 - 35]

Keywords: Cell size, Exfoliative cytology, Stage micrometer

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0903  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Age estimation plays an important role in determining the identity of an unknown individual in case of any crime or mass disaster and is not only needed in case of dead individuals but also for living persons for record purpose. Aims and objectives: The study was done to identify the age of an individual using the exfoliated cells of buccal mucosa by comparing the cell size. Materials and methods: Buccal smears were obtained using a wet wooden spatula by gentle scraping motion, fixed using 95% ethanol, and were stained using standard hematoxylin and the eosin staining procedure. The average cell size was measured using a stage micrometer grid. The statistical analysis of the data was done using Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: The results show the statistical significance with p < 0.001 correlating the decrease in cell size with increasing age. Conclusion: Age-related changes are observed in buccal smears that can be used as a tool for age estimation.

Original Article

Adimoulame Sanguida, Rajan Suwetha, Murugan S Dharani, Kathir Ramya

Children's Choice of Dentist's Attire, Color, and Type of Mouth Mask: A Cross-sectional Study in Puducherry, India

[Year:2019] [Month:July-December] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:36 - 40]

Keywords: Color, Communication, Mask, Patient preference, Physical appearance

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0906  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims and objectives: The study was done to record the preferences of children with regard to dentist's appearance. Settings and design: A cross-sectional descriptive study in the department of Pedodontics in a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry, India. Materials and methods: The study sample comprised 385 children (4–15 years) who were asked about their concern as to who should perform their treatment (male/female dentist/anyone); the type of attire (white coat, formal, scrub, or cartoon); color of mask (white, blue, green, or pink); and the type of mask (plain, printed, cartoon, or magic) that they wish their dentist to wear. Statistical analysis: Chi-square test was used to analyze the influence of age, gender, and history of dental visit on the preferences (p value set as 0.05). Results: Girls preferred female dentists and boys preferred male dentists (p = 0.000), older children felt anyone could treat (p = 0.039). White coat was the most preferred attire (53%) irrespective of the gender (p = 0.016), and younger children preferred cartoon attire (56.1%; p = 0.000). Pink and blue masks and magic and cartoon masks were the most liked; middle-age group children liked magic masks (p = 0.000) and older children liked plain masks (p = 0.000). Conclusion: With increasing age, white coat fear, preferences for specific gender of the dentist, and child-friendly type of masks diminish. As first dental visits mostly occur around the middle age, it is wise to consider making appropriate changes in the dentist's appearance. Clinical significance: Child-friendly appearance of dentist would be more appropriate for children of younger age-group and could be considered for those visiting the dentist for the first time.

Original Article

T Sivasankari, M Vikneshan, K Shivashankar, G Vidhya, S Vandana

Focus-group Discussion on Smoking Cessation Methods and its Awareness among Interns and Home Guards

[Year:2019] [Month:July-December] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:41 - 42]

Keywords: Counseling, Nicotine replacement therapy, Smoking

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0910  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Smoking is a major public health problem. It is a serious concern in both developed and developing countries. There are 1.3 billion smokers around the world. Furthermore, 5 million people die worldwide from smoking each year.1 Health knowledge about the ill effects of smoking is very important factor to motivate smokers to quit smoking. Dental institutions provide very good platform to educate budding dentists to inculcate the habit of tobacco cessation counseling, including nicotine replacement therapy (NRT).

CASE REPORT

Yamini Kanipakam, Prem L Kulandairaj

Radicular Cyst (Periapical Cyst): A Case Report

[Year:2019] [Month:July-December] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:43 - 45]

Keywords: Odontogenic cyst, Periapical infection, Radicular cyst

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0908  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Radicular cyst is one of the most common odontogenic cyst found in the jaws. It is inflammatory in nature and found mostly in the nonvital tooth. It usually presents at a later stage in life because the formation of the cyst is the last step in the progression of inflammatory events after a periapical infection. This present case was with swelling, and the cyst was removed surgically under local anesthesia. Based on histopathological findings, it was diagnosed as a radicular cyst.

CASE REPORT

Arul Kumaran Rajavel, Karthikeyan Ilangovan, Lijin James

Orthoperio Management for a Patient with Aggressive Periodontitis: A Multidisciplinary Case Report

[Year:2019] [Month:July-December] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:46 - 50]

Keywords: Aggressive periodontitis, Light continuous force, Oral hygiene, Pathologic migration

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0909  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: The goal of orthodontic treatment is not only to improve facial esthetics and function but also to address the health of supporting structures and how teeth are placed in them. The interrelationship between ortho and perio often resembles symbiosis. Case description: A 21-year-old female patient reported with the chief complaint of forwardly placed upper front teeth and increasing frontal spacing in the maxillary teeth. She had a mild convex profile with a posterior divergence of the face. Results: The occlusal examination revealed Angle's class I molar relationship bilaterally. The upper incisors showed pathologic anterior migration and extrusion of right central incisor, impacted 23 and crossbite in relation to 22 and 24, whereas the lower arch segment demonstrated mild spacing in the incisor region. Discussion: Periodontal findings were 5–7 mm of generalized pocket depth 13 mm in 11 and 12 mm in 26. The periodontal treatment comprised regular reinforcement of oral hygiene instructions, supragingival scaling, and full mouth open flap debridement. Six-month postperiodontal therapy, orthodontic treatment was initiated and space closure was performed using light continuous force. Conclusion: Posttreatment results showed significant improvement in the extraoral features with competent lips and an average over jet and overbite with sufficient space for the replacement of 11.

CASE REPORT

Adhithya Baskaran, Gayathri Chandrasekar, Vidya Lakshmi

Oral Pyogenic Granuloma: A Case Report

[Year:2019] [Month:July-December] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:51 - 52]

Keywords: Gingival lesion, Hyperplastic lesion, Pyogenic granuloma

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0912  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Pyogenic granuloma is a common benign vascular tumor found to occur in all ages. Both skin and mucous membranes can be affected. Its most common etiology is trauma. The tumor consists of capillary proliferations, venules, and fibromyxoid stroma. The development of a lesion occurs in three stages in which bleeding is a common symptom. The tumor can also mimic like other vascular lesions, solid tumors, and soft tissue infections. This case report is about pyogenic granuloma managed by surgical intervention.

CASE REPORT

Ananya S Venkatesan, Vinoth Kumar, Karthikeyan Ilangovan, Vineela K Reddy, Saravana K Ravindran

Splinting of Implants and Adjacent Natural Teeth for Esthetic Correction in Anterior Maxilla: A Case Report

[Year:2019] [Month:July-December] [Volume:9] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:53 - 56]

Keywords: Implant and natural teeth connection, Maxillary anterior esthetics, Tooth and implant supported prosthesis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0914  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The therapeutic goal of implant dentistry is not merely tooth placement but total oral rehabilitation. Implants provide excellent support for fixed appliances, increasing function as compared to conventional dental therapies. For long-term success of the procedure, the biomaterials, the mechanics used, and also the patient's cooperation for maintenance play a key role. The placement of dental implants in the anterior maxilla is a challenge for clinicians because of patients exacting demands and difficult preexisting anatomy. The esthetic restoration of anterior maxillary incisor area is critical to a successful outcome. This case report describes the placement of implant in the anterior maxillary region splinted with endodontically treated adjacent natural teeth and restoration of adjacent teeth to obtain an esthetic smile.

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